Signs and Symptoms of a Sinus Infection, Causes, Treatment and Complications
Sinus infection is defined as an inflammation of the air cavities within the nose passage. People who interact with chemicals more often and have allergies are prone to be infected with sinusitis. The infection occurs when a virus, bacteria or fungus grows within the sinus. One should visit a doctor early enough to prevent the condition from being permanent.
The main cause of sinus infection is environmental pollens and various irritants such as chemicals. It might also be caused by anything that hinders the free flow of air and drainage of mucus out of sinuses. Groth that happens at the nasal cavity is the other cause of sinus infection. One can also get Sinitus infections due to dehydration, disease, medication, and the air is insufficient. Sinitus can also be as a result of blockage of the nasal cavities that are attributed by thick mucus. When mucus stagnates in the sinus it also brings room for virus and bacterial growth.
Sinuous infections are many and are grouped into various groups. When classified under durations sinus infections can be grouped into acute, subacute and chronic. The sinus infection that is attributed to short periods of time is known as acute Sinitus. The type of sinus infection that has more hazardous than acute Sinitus is referred to as subacute Sinitus. Chronic Sinitus lasts for more than three months. The the deadliest type of Sinitus is referred to as the recurrent Sinitus and is characterized by untimely attacks that is throughout the year. When it comes to the type of inflammation Sinitus is subdivided into two, infected sinusitis and noninfectious sinusitis. The cause of infected sinusitis is uncomplicated virus infections.
Noninfectious sinusitis is caused by irritants and various allergies. Sinitus infections have numerous signs and symptoms. Sinitus is majorly proved by a painful headache. Headaches results from the intense pressure in partially and completely blocked sinuses. The pain becomes more severe when a person bends down. The other symptom associated with a sinus infection is facial tenderness and at times swelling of the parts that the sinus infection have touched. Fever comes about as a result of inflammation of sinus tissues, which is a sign of Sinitus. The patient may also experience post nasal drip. There is a lot of mucus that flows into the throat and causes discomfort as a result of sinus infection.
Many sinus infections can be treated by any medical practitioner. It is best if one is treated by an ent doctor for Sinitus. This is personel who are specialized in dealing with all conditions that are associated with ent. The roles of ent practitioners is doing x-rays as well as surgeries if there is a need for one. It is advisable for one to seek medical attention before the condition worsens.